An adult without a blue vein snake on their legs can be considered lucky, as according to statistics, every 4 women and every 7 men are doomed to have varicose veins. In addition, ugly veins can appear under the skin after 18-20 years and will not disappear anywhere, no matter how hard you try. Often, in addition to a cosmetic defect, varicose veins also cause serious health problems: pain and heaviness in the legs, swelling, itchy skin, even the appearance of ulcers that do not heal on the legs. Not to mention the high risk of blood clots, which are potentially fatal.
The most obvious way to treat varicose veins is surgery. The affected vein is tied and simply pulled out like a bow. In severe cases, a venectomy will certainly improve the condition, reduce symptoms and make life easier. However, removing veins at a young age is a dubious prospect. No one can guarantee that in 3-5 years you will not return to the surgeon with relapse or edema. I would like to find a solution to the problem without surgery!
Before looking for this method, you need to accept the idea that there is still no known method that will eliminate varicose veins forever. All existing methods, both popular and official, have a purely symptomatic effect: they can slow the expansion of the veins, reduce the likelihood of complications, significantly relieve and even completely remove the symptoms, but they do not eliminate the cause of vascular injuries. And the reason itself is unknown. We only know the predisposing factors: hereditary weakness of the vascular wall, hormonal disorders, excess weight or intense physical activity, the professional's need to spend most of the day standing, etc. The influence of these factors can be minimized by changing your lifestyle.
The first way to improve the condition of the legs with varicose veins is to reduce the load on the veins. To do this, try to lift your feet off the floor at every opportunity, preferably above your heart level. The best anti-varicose sitting posture is the "cowboy pose". This occurs when you lean back in your chair and put your feet on the edge of the table. If you can lie down, place a roll under your feet.
The ideal activity after work is swimming or water aerobics. The water has a massage effect and the horizontal position relieves pressure on the venous valves. A lightweight version of aquatic procedures available to everyone - contrasting shower heads from the legs to the middle of the thigh. You need to finish with cold water.
The second method of non-surgical treatment is drugs for varicose veins. For some, venotonics are a miracle cure for varicose veins, while others believe they have wasted their money. The reason for disappointment with these drugs is false expectations.
Phlebotonics do not hide veins, they only relieve symptoms of varicose veins, sometimes very successfully. The main effect of medications for varicose veins is to strengthen and improve the nutrition of the venous wall, but you will not feel it. The strongest effect of the pills is usually experienced by people who suffer from swelling and pain in the legs. If varicose veins only bother you as a cosmetic defect, you shouldn't count on a noticeable effect from the pills. At the same time, many years of research have proven that phlebotonics improve the prognosis of varicose veins and make the veins more elastic. Topical medications, such as ointments and gels, are considered less effective.
According to cultural norms, socks for men are impolite and, according to phlebologists, they are a necessary piece of clothing for people of both sexes with a tendency to varicose veins. Socks, tights and even the knees of various colors - an assortment of medical products made of elastic mesh, which is recommended not only for the treatment of varicose veins, but also for prevention.
Products made of elastic meshes differ in compression classes - the pressure force they exert on the superficial veins of the legs, assuming part of the load to pump blood. Class "A" is assigned for prevention. These fabrics should be used during pregnancy, as well as for men and women who spend all day standing. Compression classes I, II, III, IV are already used for medicinal purposes. It is difficult to dress them without a special device.
Compression stockings for varicose veins reduce the severity of symptoms, reduce the risk of complications, but only work with constant wear. You need to put on socks, tights and high tops in the morning, before putting your legs out of bed. Shoot - only while sleeping.
Sclerotherapy is considered a non-surgical method for treating varicose veins, it is already quite old and is in constant evolution. Treatment consists of injecting a substance into a spider vein or an enlarged vein that causes the vessel to block. The vein collapses and is gradually replaced by connective tissue. The effect of the procedure is noticeable after a few days, when the compressive bandage can be removed. As "glue", the preparations are used in liquid form - for small vessels and in the form of foam - for larger saphenous veins. This method of treating varicose veins is possible if the diameter of the veins does not exceed 3-5 mm. When trying to "foam" larger vessels, complications often arise.
Complications after sclerotherapy are very dangerous, they are the consequences of air entering the bloodstream, if foam is used, severe allergic reactions to the medication, inflammatory vascular lesions and the appearance of hyperpigmentation on the skin. Therefore, when choosing this method, you need to be aware of the price you can pay for perfect legs.
Actually, this treatment method is the competence of the vascular surgeon, but it is considered to be a saver, since it is performed without incisions, by means of puncture - puncture of the vessel with a thick needle. After the introduction of the needle and anesthesia, the vessel lumen is irradiated with a laser. Due to the increase in temperature, the vessel walls appear to be welded, the blood circulation stops and over time the vein dissolves. The same operation is performed using electromagnetic oscillations in the radiofrequency band - radiofrequency ablation of blood vessels. The disadvantage of these treatment methods is the risk of thrombosis after radiation. In addition, even the most experienced surgeon will not be able to completely eliminate the risk of blood clots. In addition, laser treatment of varicose veins and radiofrequency ablation are still young methods and their long-term results have not been studied.
A method that has been widespread for treating everything and everyone, but is now unfairly overlooked. When treating varicose veins in the lower extremities, your doctor may recommend physical therapy as an additional tool. They are: laser and magnetic therapy, UV irradiation, ozone therapy, NO-therapy and mud therapy. Physiotherapy has practically no complications and limitations, it is painless and even pleasant. However, don't expect a magical effect from them. The most you can count on is symptom relief, improved prognosis and the appearance of the skin on your legs.