Varicose veins is a very common disease. He affects both sexes and almost all ages, from school.
This pathological process develops on the background of different reasons:
- congenital abnormalities of the vascular system;
- genetic predisposition;
- sedentary lifestyle (including a sitting/standing work);
- increased physical load;
- hormonal medications and hormonal imbalances;
- pregnancy and labors;
- addictions (alcohol, Smoking);
- advanced age;
- soft tissue injuries and surgery.
Varicose veins has a different localization, but the most common is varicose veins of the lower extremities. This is absolutely understandable from the point of view of physiology. Feet bear the maximum load. There are problems with the operation of the valve apparatus, and there is a violation of the outflow of blood from the lower extremities. As a result, you experience the following symptoms:
- pain syndrome;
- the feeling of heaviness and fullness in the legs.
If time does not respond to the signals of the body, and not to engage in the prevention of occurrence and treatment the first symptoms of vascular disease, there may be very severe complications. Many people do not give varicose a proper status, and consider its clinical manifestations is only a cosmetic defect. This is a very common misconception. Hence, we should consider what to do if you find yourself the first signs of vascular disease? How to start a fight with him?
Getting rid of varicose veins
The first thing to do is to go to the doctor. You can ask for help to the therapist, surgeon or phlebologist. The specialist will inspect the lower limbs. To see the history, to make a poll. In order to understand the condition of the body, any specialist needs to have on hand General clinical studies of blood and urine. These are the most common laboratory tests that help to determine the possible nature of the disease and his orientation.
If necessary the specialist can refer the patient for ultrasound and duplex scanning of the veins of the lower extremities. Based on the findings of the survey and results of laboratory studies of biological material specialist to challenge or confirm a diagnosis of vascular pathology. If you still will be diagnosed with varicose veins, the doctor will prescribe an individual treatment plan. As a rule, the treatment is always complex. It can include:
- the lifestyle change;
- therapeutic diet;
- medical gymnastic exercises;
- wearing medical compression hosiery;
- taking medications and vitamins;
- the use of local applications;
The treatment of varicose veins can be performed on an outpatient basis, and directly in the hospital. It all depends on the extent and severity of the disease.
The first, and probably difficult to perform medical recommendation will relate to adjustments to lifestyle and nutrition. We are very hard to part with well-established features of our life and taste preferences in food. But you need to tune into what treatment will require time and own effort. After all, only the faithful implementation of all doctor's recommendations will depend on the outcome of the treatment in General. The correct way of life will help improve your health, fill your body with energy and vigor. Become more active – don't neglect Hiking, outdoor recreation, regular exercise, do some sports. Stick to the regime of work, rest and sleep. Ditch unhealthy habits. As you begin to notice the first improvements in well-being, the fulfillment of all conditions will not be equal to self-conquest.
Make changes in your diet – eat balanced, and only wholesome food.
Of course, improves the flow of blood from the lower limbs wearing compression hosiery. Thanks to the accurate design of the pressure areas of the feet eliminates swelling, pain and feeling of heaviness. Such medical linen should be used daily. It is 4 classes of compression required class is selected by the doctor. But, if you belong to a risk group the incidence of vascular pathologies, and possible self-recruitment preventive knit. Most often it is 1 class that has a slight preventive pressure – 18-21 mm Hg.in. Buy underwear with this level of compression at the pharmacy and orthopedic salons without a prescription.
Surgery is prescribed only in case of lack of effectiveness of conservative treatment. Often it is required at the advanced stage of the disease. In such situations, a more rapid normalization of blood flow in the lower extremities, specialists use the following treatments:
- the procedure of hardening (bonding of the venous walls by introducing a special substance);
- operation Troyanov-Trendelenburg (ligation of the great saphenous vein and its tributaries);
- laser phlebectomy (a minimally invasive method of removing the affected veins or their parts).
Due to the fact that varicose veins are diagnosed more and more frequently, the operational methods are considered uncomplicated and are often held. How to get rid of varicose veins, and what the surgery or procedure is required for treatment, the doctor solves only.
How to get rid of varicose veins at home?
This question is raised by all who are familiar with vascular disease. Of course, to help yourself at home! It is necessary to perform a number of exercises to consult a health of water treatment and the desire to folk remedies of treatment.
An important part of treatment and prevention of varicose veins are gymnastic exercises. Their systematic implementation will remove fatigue, will help to improve blood flow in the lower limbs and as a consequence healthier veins. The most popular and effective exercises are considered such as "candle", "scissors" and "Bicycle". There are simple exercises that you can do even in the sitting position. This rotation feet, alternately bending the fingers of both legs, etc. they All will favorably affect the tone of veins and prevent stagnation.
Very helpful to feet a contrast shower or bath. A contrast shower will give courage in the beginning of the day and relieve fatigue at the end. Cold water procedure must be performed at rest, gradually increasing the area of the rinsing. First, you need to use warm water 37-38°C, then gradually reduce the temperature to 17°C. the Alternating temperature regimes needs to be done before 4-5 times. After the procedure good RUB your feet with a towel of Terry cloth.
Warm baths are also a good method for the treatment and prevention of vascular disease. Prescriptions for this procedure are many, there are baths with sea and salt, using herbal infusions, essential oils etc.
With the help of recipes of traditional medicine can be done home treatment. Many varieties of herbs and plants that have a beneficial effect on blood vessels, reduce inflammation and enhance the outflow of blood from the distal sections of the legs. But you should know that to quickly get rid of the manifestations of varicose veins fail because the average course of treatment in this case is six months.